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LEARN ENGLISH ADVERBS
Adverbs are types of words that we use to define or describe
verbs, adjectives and other adverbs in the sentence.
He learns English fast. (Él aprende Inglés rápido)
In this example, "fast" (rápido) describes the way "he"
(él) "learns English" (aprende Inglés). If the adverb describes the adjective normally
it goes before it.
They are extremely happy. (Son extremadamente felices)
this example, "extremely" (extremadamente) describes the adjective "happy" (felices).
Sometimes they can also modify a whole sentence.
They phoned when they arrived. (Llamaron cuando llegaron)
In this example "when" (cuando) introduces a sentence "they arrived" (llegaron) and at the same time modifies the whole sentence "they phoned" (llamaron).
There are seven main types of adverbs we need to learn:
Adverbs of manner: happily, sadly, slowly
Adverbs of time: now, then, already
Adverbs of place: there, here, nearby
Adverbs of degree: rather, enough, quite
Adverbs of frequency: always, sometimes, never
Relative adverbs: where, when, why
Interrogative adverbs: when.?, where.?, why.?
Just by adding "-ly" to an adjective we form many adverbs
in English. They are the equivalent to the Spanish adverbs ending in "-mente".
slow - slowly (lento - lentamente)
At this point we need to mention and you need
to learn some GENERAL spelling rules. If the adjective ends in a vowel plus "-l",
then we add "-ly".
actual (adjective) - actually (adverb) (actual - actualmente)
If the adjective ends in "-y" normally it will change for "-i" and then we add "-ly"
dry (adjective) - drily (adverb) (seco - secamente)
If the adjective ends in
a consonant followed by "-e", it will keep the "-e" and then we add "-ly".
intense (adjective) - intensely (adverb) (intenso - intensamente)
If the adjective ends in "-ic" we need to add "-ally".
We are now going to explain each type of adverb.
ADVERBS OF MANNER. Adverbs of manner are going to tell us the way the action has
been performed, so by asking "how" (cómo) we will get the adverb of manner within
ADVERBS OF TIME.
Adverbs of time tell us the time when the action took place. To identify them we
can ask a question starting with "when" (cuándo).
ADVERBS OF PLACE. Adverbs of place tell us where the action was carried out.
To identify them we can ask a question starting with "where" (dónde).
ADVERBS OF DEGREE. Adverbs of degree are going to modify other adverbs
or adjectives. To identify them we can ask a question starting with "how much?"
ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY. Adverbs of
frequency tell us how often the action of the sentence is carried out. To identify
them we can ask a question starting with "how often?" (con cuánta frecuencia)
RELATIVE ADVERBS. The relative adverbs "when" (cuando), "where" (donde), "why"
(por que) and "how" (como) modifies a noun or a whole sentence, but the noun that
they are modifying does not appear in the sentence before them.
INTERROGATIVE ADVERBS. Interrogative
adverbs are used at the beginning of questions to help determine the meaning of
our question. They are "why (por qué), where (dónde), how (cómo), how much (cuánto),
how many (cuántos/cuántas), how often (con cuánta frecuencia) and when (cuándo)".
Adverbs, like adjectives, can be used in comparisons . Normally they follow the same rules as adjectives and like them there are a few that are irregular when making their comparisons. These you will have to learn by heart.