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LEARN ENGLISH CONJUNCTIONS



Conjunctions are the words we use to link or join two or more sentences together or two words within the same sentence. The most common conjunctions in English are: and, but, or, nor, for.

Example

 

We eat at home and work in the office. (Comemos en casa y trabajamos en la oficina)

 

The conjunction "and" joins the sentences: "we eat at home" with "we work in the office".

 

We divide conjunctions in Coordinating, Correlative and Subordinating conjunctions.

 

Coordinating conjunctions are used when we want to join two sentences that work at the same level of importance in our speech, both actions are equally important. These conjunctions are:







And (y)
Now (ahora bien)
But (pero)
Still (sin embargo)
So (así que)
Only (sólo que)
Therefore (por lo tanto)
Yet (pero, sin embargo)
Nevertheless (no obstante)
For (ya que)
However (sin embargo)
Either...or... (o... o.)
While (mientras)
Neither. nor. (ni. ni.)
Then (entonces)
So then (por tanto)

 



Example

 

We had a salad and an ice cream. (Nos tomamos una ensalada y un helado)

 

In this example we are using the coordinating conjunction "and" to join two objects within the same sentence.

 

We went to the swimming pool and had lunch there. (Fuimos a la piscina y comimos allí)

 

In this example we are using the coordinating conjunction "and" to join two different sentences, "we went to the swimming pool" with "(we) had lunch there".

 

Correlative conjunctions are used to join, or simply to show any relation, between the idea or different ideas mentioned in different parts of the sentence. They are always used in pairs. These conjunctions are: Either..or (o.o) If . then (si . entonces) Neither. nor (ni.ni) No sooner . than (apenas . cuando) Both . and (y.y) Scarcely . when (apenas . cuando) Not only . but also (no solo . pero también) What with . and Rather . than (en vez de) Whether . or (si . o)

Example

 

You have two options, either you learn English, or you learn Spanish. (Tienes dos opciones, o aprendes Inglés, o aprendes Español)

 

In this example, we are using the correlative conjunction "either . or" to show the relation, in this case of option, between "you learn English" and "you learn Spanish".

 

Subordinating conjunctions are used to join two sentences when one of them is depending on the first one. They are:

 

That (que)
Although, though (aunque)
Because of (debido a)
While (en tanto que)
Since (ya que, puesto que)
Until (hasta que)
As (pues, como)
As if, as though (como si)
So that (a fin de que)
When (cuando)
Lest (para que no)
Why (por que)
If (si)
In order that (para, a fin de que)
Unless (a menos que)
Whether... or (si... o)






Example

 

This is the restaurant that I told you about. (Este es el restaurante del que te hablé)

 

In this example, the subordinating conjunction "that" introduces the sentence "I told you about" which is dependent on the first sentence "this is the restaurant".



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