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LEARN ENGLISH AND LEARN SPANISH LANGUAGE DIFFERENCES



Grammar Differences Probably the biggest difference between the two languages is the fact that in Spanish we distinguish between masculine and feminine and singular and plural in articles, nouns and adjectives and in English we do not.

Example





Spanish masculine singular

Spanish feminine singular

English singular

English singular

Mi gato es blanco Mi gata es blanca My cat is white My female cat is white

Spanish masculine plural

Spanish feminine plural

English plural

English plural

Mis gatos son blancos mis gatas son blancas My cats are white My female cats are white




In English the adjective usually goes before the noun that is describing while in Spanish it normally goes after the noun.

Example

 

Mi gato blanco

My white cat

 

Another difference between the two languages is regarding the position the object pronouns take within the sentence. Object pronouns in English always go after the verb while in Spanish they always go before the verb.

Example

 

Le dije

I told him

 

In spanish we distinguish two forms for the English personal subject pronoun "you". They are: "tú" and "usted". "Tú" is used when addressing someone in an informal context while "usted" is used when speaking to someone for the first time or to show respect. "Usted" is the courteous form of the English word "you".

Example

 

Tú eres joven. (You know well the person you are talking to)

Usted es joven. (You do not know well the person you are talking to)

 

The way verbs are conjugated in the two languages is very different.

Example

 

Quiero comprar una barra de pan.

I want to buy a loaf of bread.







General Differences You will find a lot of differences in the use and omission of the definite articles in both languages. The general rule is, when you use "el, la, los and las" in Spanish, you do not use the English article "the" in English and vice versa.

Example

 

Peter está en el colegio.

Peter is at school.

 

In English when writing a question or exclamation, you only write a question or exclamation mark at the end of the sentence. While in Spanish, you have to write one question or exclamation mark at the beginning of the sentence and another one at the end.

Example

 

¿Qué hora es?

What time is it? 



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