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Learn Spanish Verbs.



Spanish verbs like all verbs are "action" words, they are used to express the action of the sentence or to speak about the person or object that is performing the action in the sentence.

Example

 

Mary compra manzanas

In this example, the action word is "compra" (to buy). It tells us that the subject "Mary", that is the person who performs the action of the verb is "buying some apples".

 

Mary likes apples.

In this example, the verb "to like" is telling us something about the subject.

 

Spanish verbs are a bit more difficult to learn than English verbs. That is due to the different endings that each person of the verb has for each of the tenses. While in English in most tenses all the persons share the same ending, in Spanish the Spanish verbs take on an individual form.

Example

 

We studied Spanish verbs the whole afternoon.

They studied Spanish verbs at school.

 

In Spanish we would say:

(nosotros) Estudiamos los verbos españoles toda la tarde

(ellos) Estudiaron los verbos españoles en el colegio.







In Spanish, we distinguish between regular and irregular verbs, and inside these classifications we have three different conjugations, that is, three different groups of verbs depending on their endings. These groups are: verbs ending in "-ar", in "-er" and in "-ir". We say that a verb is regular when they follow the basic rule of removing the ending (ar, er, ir) from the base of the verb and then add the corresponding set of endings depending on the tense we are conjugating, without varying the spelling of the base of the verb. If we take as an example the verb "estudiar" and we want to form the present tense for the person "ella" we would remove the "-ar" and then add "-a" that is the corresponding ending. In that way we would have: ella estudia. As we can see the base "estudi" has not suffered any spelling changes. On the contrary, if we take the verb "acertar" and we want to conjugate the present tense for the person "ella", we need to remove the ending "-ar" and then add "-a" but in this case there is a spelling change and we have to say: ella acierta. As we can see the base "acert" has changed into "aciert". That is the reason why the verb "acertar" is irregular.

Each of the three conjugations (-ar, -er, -ir) has a different set of endings for the different tenses. We will explain all of them in each verb tense. With the Spanish Verbs we also distinguish between Indicative, Subjunctive and Imperative moods. When you learn Spanish verbs this is going to be a big factor.

 

The Spanish verb in the indicative mood is also called the mood of reality. It means that with any tense from the indicative mood we can express a fact that is true or real. It can be affirmative, negative or a question; the fact is that it is real. We must not get confused with the tenses as inside the indicative mood we have ways of expressing events in the present, past or future and even in a conditional way simply by changing the verb tense.

Example

 

Hoy aprendemos los verbos españoles con HelloWorld sc.

Today we learn Spanish verbs with HelloWorld sc.

Aprenderemos los verbos españoles con HelloWorld sc mañana.

We will learn Spanish verbs with HelloWorld sc tomorrow.

Ayer aprendimos los verbos españoles con HelloWorld sc.

Yesterday we learnt Spanish verbs with HelloWorld sc.

Hemos aprendido los verbos españoles con HelloWorld sc.

We have learnt Spanish verbs with HelloWorld sc.

 

The Spanish verb in the subjunctive mood is the unreal mood. It is used to express facts that are not true; maybe they are hypothesis, wishes, predictions, etc. Inside the subjunctive mood we also distinguish among present, past and future.

Example

 

Espero que aprenda los verbos españoles con HelloWorld sc.

I hope he learns Spanish verbs with HelloWorld sc.

Espero que haya aprendido los verbos españoles con HelloWorld sc.

I hope he has learnt Spanish verbs with HelloWorld sc.

Si aprendiera los verbos españoles sería mejor para ella.

If she learnt Spanish verbs it would be better for her.

 

The Spanish verb in the imperative mood is the mood to give orders or commands. We address directly the person who is listening to us with the imperative mood. It only has one tense and is the present simple.

Example

 

Aprende los verbos españoles con HelloWorld sc.

Learn Spanish verbs with HelloWorld sc.

Aprended los verbos españoles con HelloWorld sc.

Learn (you all) Spanish verbs with HelloWorld sc.





Spanish Verb Tenses

Indicative Mood

Presente
Condicional
Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto
Condicional Perfecto
Futuro Perfecto
Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto
Futuro Simple
Pretérito Imperfecto
Pretérito Perfecto Simple
Pretérito Anterior

Subjunctive Mood

Presente
Pretérito Imperfecto
Futuro
Pretérito Perfecto
Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto
Futuro Perfecto

Imperative Mood

Presente

More on verbs

Spanish Verb List
Reflexive Verbs
Important Spanish Verbs




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