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LEARN SPANISH FUTURE PERFECT INDICATIVE MOOD



Before we study the future perfect tense we need to learn some basic concepts about Spanish verbs. Spanish verbs are always either regular or irregular as it happens with English verbs. All Spanish verbs end either in "-ar", "-er" or "-ir ". These are the three Spanish conjugations.

Example

 

Hablar (to speak) Correr (to run) Añadir (to add)

 

To form the future perfect of the indicative mood, we need to use the auxiliary verb "haber" (have) in its future simple and the past participle of another verb. To form the past participle of the regular verbs in Spanish, we need to take the verb as we find it in the dictionary and remove the last two letters. Then, if the verb ends in "-ar" we will add the ending "-ado" and if the verb ends in "-er" or "-ir" we will add the ending "-ido".

Example

For the verbs ending in -ar:





yo (I)  habré
tú (You)  habrás
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal)  habrá
nosotros, nosotras (we)  habremos
vosotros, vosotras (you all)  habréis
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal)  habrán

 

Example: We take the verb "hablar" (to speak). We remove the "-ar": We are left with "habl-" (the stem) and then we add "-ado". In this way we have the past participle of the verb "hablar" (to speak).

 

To conjugate the future perfect of the verb"hablar" (to speak) we will use the future simple tense of the verb "haber" (to have) and the past participle of the verb "hablar" (to speak).





hablar habl--
yo (I) habré hablado (I will have spoken)
tú (you) habrás hablado (you will have spoken)
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) habrá hablado (he, she will have spoken)
nosotros, nosotras (we) habremos hablado (we will have spoken)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) habréis hablado (you all will have spoken)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) habrán hablado (they will have spoken)

 

For the verbs ending in -er:

 

yo (I)  habré
tú (You)  habrás
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal)  habrá
nosotros, nosotras (we)  habremos
vosotros, vosotras (you all)  habréis
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal)  habrán

 

Example: We take the verb "correr" (to run). We remove the "-er": We are left with corr- (the stem) and then we add "-ido". In this way we have the past participle of the verb "correr" (to run).

 

To conjugate the future perfect of the verb "correr" (to run) we will use the future simple tense of the verb "haber" (to have) and the past participle of the verb "correr" (to run).





correr corr--
yo (I) habré corrido (I will have run)
tú (you) habrás corrido (you will have run)
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) habrá corrido (he, she will have run)
nosotros, nosotras (we) habremos corrido (we will have run)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) habréis corrido (you all will have run)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) habrán corrido (they will have run)

 

For the verbs ending in -ir:

 

yo (I)  habré
tú (You)  habrás
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal)  habrá
nosotros, nosotras (we)  habremos
vosotros, vosotras (you all)  habréis
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal)  habrán

 

Example: We take the verb "añadir" (to add). We remove the "-ir": We are left with añad- (the stem) and then we add "-ido". In this way we have the past participle of the verb "añadir" (to add).

 

To conjugate the future perfect of the verb "añadir" (to add) we will use the future simple tense of the verb "haber" (to have) and the past participle of the verb "añadir" (to add).

 

añadir añad--
yo (I) habré añadido (I will have added)
tú (you) habrás añadido (you will have added)
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) habrá añadido (he, she will have added)
nosotros, nosotras (we) habremos añadido (we will have added)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) habréis añadido (you all will have added)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) habrán añadido (they will have added)

 

The differences between the persons "tú" (you), "vosotros" (you all), "usted" (you formal) and "ustedes" (you all formal) are explained in Spanish Personal Pronouns.

 

Some of the irregular verbs will be conjugated exactly in the same form, adding the same sets of endings; the only difference is that they will have some spelling changes in the stem of the verb. ***Remember*** Spanish Irregular verbs can be highly irregular and the general rule is "The rules do not apply".

 

Decir To say
yo habré dicho I will have said

tú habrás dicho

you will have said
el habrá dicho he will have said
nosotros habremos dicho we will have said
vosotros habréis dicho you all will have said
ellos habrán dicho they will have said

 

 

SOME GENERAL USES

 

We use the future perfect to express finished actions in the future when we know the time when the action will happen and we are certain that the action will happen.

Example

 

Mañana habré terminado este proyecto.

Tomorrow I will have finished this project

Habrás estudiado el futuro perfecto simple para el jueves.

You will have studied the future perfect simple tense by Thursday

Habrán estudiado todos los temas.

They will have studied all the topics

 

The future perfect is also used when the speaker assumes that an action will be completed in the future.

Example

 

Ella habrá terminado todos sus deberes ya.

She will have finished all her homework by now

Mi equipo habrá presentado el proyecto.

My team will have presented the project

El concierto habrá terminado cuando lleguemos.

The concert will have finished by the time we arrive

 

The future perfect expresses a future action that will happen before another future action.

Example

 

Cuando llegues ya habré terminado.

When you arrive I will have already finished

 

Here, the action "llegues" (you arrive) is a future action. The action "habré terminado" (I will have finished) is also future and at the same time it is previous to the action of "llegar" (arriving).



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