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LEARN SPANISH FUTURE SIMPLE (Futuro Simple - Future Simple) INDICATIVE MOOD
Before we study the future simple we need to learn some basic concepts about Spanish verbs. Spanish verbs are always either regular or irregular as it happens with English verbs. All Spanish verbs end either in "-ar", "-er" or "-ir ". These are the three Spanish conjugations.
Hablar (to speak) Correr (to run) Añadir (to add)
To form the future simple of the indicative mood, we need to take the verb as we
find it in the dictionary. Then we add the appropriate ending for each person.
For the future simple tense of the indicative mood the personal endings are the
same for the three conjugations (-ar, -er, -ir) of the verbs.
For the verbs ending in -ar:
Example: We take the verb "hablar" (to speak) and then we add the personal endings.
For the verbs ending in -er:
Example: We take the verb "correr" (to run) and then we add the personal endings.
For the verbs ending in -ir:
Example: We take the verb "añadir" (to add) and then we add the personal endings.
The differences between the persons "tú" (you), "vosotros" (you all), "usted" (you formal) and "ustedes" (you all formal) are explained in Spanish Personal Pronouns.
Some of the irregular verbs will be conjugated exactly in the same form, adding the same sets of endings; the only difference is that they will have some spelling changes in the stem of the verb. ***Remember*** Spanish Irregular verbs can be highly irregular and the general rule is "The rules do not apply".
Example: We are going to take the verb "tener" (to have) which is a very good example of a "very" irregular verb as this verb practically does not follow the rules and is a typical example of verb that you need to study by heart.
SOME GENERAL USES
We use the future simple to talk about future actions
Irá a la universidad cuando acabe el instituto.
She will go to university when she finishes secondary school
Nos iremos mañana.
We will leave tomorrow
Te llamaré a la semana que viene.
I will call you next week
Estudiaremos todo el verano.
We will study the whole summer
Sometimes we use the future simple tense when we speak about a future time that
is not very close to the moment of speaking.
Iremos a Irlanda dentro de dos años.
We will go to Ireland in two years time
Haré un curso de informática cuando acabe la carrera.
I will do a course on Information Technology when I finish my degree
The future simple can also be used to express a probable action referring to the
Mary no ha llegado, estará en la oficina.
Mary has not arrived; she must be in the office
In the spoken language the future simple tense is used each time less as people
tend to use the future with "ir a". This form of future can be the equivalent to
the English future with "going to".
Vamos a estudiar los verbos españoles.
We are going to study the Spanish verbs
Me voy a ir de vacaciones a la semana que viene.
I am going to go on holiday next week