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LEARN SPANISH FUTURE SIMPLE (Futuro Simple - Future Simple) INDICATIVE MOOD



Before we study the future simple we need to learn some basic concepts about Spanish verbs. Spanish verbs are always either regular or irregular as it happens with English verbs. All Spanish verbs end either in "-ar", "-er" or "-ir ". These are the three Spanish conjugations.



Example

 

Hablar (to speak) Correr (to run) Añadir (to add)

 

To form the future simple of the indicative mood, we need to take the verb as we find it in the dictionary. Then we add the appropriate ending for each person. For the future simple tense of the indicative mood the personal endings are the same for the three conjugations (-ar, -er, -ir) of the verbs.

Example

For the verbs ending in -ar:





yo (I) -é
tú (You) -ás
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) -á
nosotros, nosotras (we) -emos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) -éis
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) -án





Example: We take the verb "hablar" (to speak) and then we add the personal endings.

 

hablar hablar--
yo (I) hablaré (I will speak)
tú (you) hablarás (you will speak)
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) hablará (he, she will speak)
nosotros, nosotras (we) hablaremos (we will speak)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) hablaréis (you all will speak)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) hablarán (they will speak)

 

For the verbs ending in -er:

 

yo (I) -é
tú (You) -ás
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) -á
nosotros, nosotras (we) -emos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) -éis
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) -án

 

Example: We take the verb "correr" (to run) and then we add the personal endings.

 

correr correr--
yo (I) correré (I will run)
tú (you) correrás (you will run)
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) correrá (he, she will run)
nosotros, nosotras (we) correremos (we will run)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) correréis (you all will run)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) correrán (they will run)

 

For the verbs ending in -ir:

 

yo (I) -é
tú (You) -ás
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) -á
nosotros, nosotras (we) -emos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) -éis
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) -án

 

Example: We take the verb "añadir" (to add) and then we add the personal endings.

 

añadir añadir--
yo (I) añadiré (I will add)
tú (you) añadirás (you will add)
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) añadirá (he, she will add)
nosotros, nosotras (we) añadiremos (we will add)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) añadiréis (you all will add)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) añadirán (they will add)





The differences between the persons "tú" (you), "vosotros" (you all), "usted" (you formal) and "ustedes" (you all formal) are explained in Spanish Personal Pronouns.

 

Some of the irregular verbs will be conjugated exactly in the same form, adding the same sets of endings; the only difference is that they will have some spelling changes in the stem of the verb. ***Remember*** Spanish Irregular verbs can be highly irregular and the general rule is "The rules do not apply".

Example: We are going to take the verb "tener" (to have) which is a very good example of a "very" irregular verb as this verb practically does not follow the rules and is a typical example of verb that you need to study by heart.

 

Tener To have
yo tendré I will have

tendrás

you will have
él tendrá he will have
nosotros tendremos we will have
vosotros tendréis you all will have
ellos tendrán they will have

 

SOME GENERAL USES

 

We use the future simple to talk about future actions

Example

 

Irá a la universidad cuando acabe el instituto.

She will go to university when she finishes secondary school

Nos iremos mañana.

We will leave tomorrow

Te llamaré a la semana que viene.

I will call you next week

Estudiaremos todo el verano.

We will study the whole summer

 

Sometimes we use the future simple tense when we speak about a future time that is not very close to the moment of speaking.

Example

 

Iremos a Irlanda dentro de dos años.

We will go to Ireland in two years time

Haré un curso de informática cuando acabe la carrera.

I will do a course on Information Technology when I finish my degree

 

The future simple can also be used to express a probable action referring to the present moment.

Example

 

Mary no ha llegado, estará en la oficina.

Mary has not arrived; she must be in the office

 

In the spoken language the future simple tense is used each time less as people tend to use the future with "ir a". This form of future can be the equivalent to the English future with "going to".

Example

 

Vamos a estudiar los verbos españoles.

We are going to study the Spanish verbs

Me voy a ir de vacaciones a la semana que viene.

I am going to go on holiday next week





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