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LEARN SPANISH PRESENT SIMPLE (Presente - Present Simple) THE INDICATIVE MOOD



Before we study the present simple we need to learn some basic concepts about Spanish verbs. Spanish verbs are always either regular or irregular as it happens with English verbs. All Spanish verbs end either in "-ar", "-er" or "-ir". These are the three Spanish conjugations.

Example

 

Hablar (to speak), Correr (to run), Añadir (to add)

 

 

To form the present simple of the indicative mood, we need to take the verb as we find it in the dictionary. Then we will remove the last two letters and we will add the appropriate ending for each person.

Example

For the verbs ending in -ar:







yo (I) -o
tú (You) -as
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) -a
nosotros, nosotras (we) -amos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) -áis
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) -an

 

Example: We take the verb "andar" (to walk). We remove the "-ar": We are left with and- (the stem) and then we add the personal endings.

 

andar and--
yo (I) and   (I walk)
tú (you) andas  (you walk)
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) and (he, she walks)
nosotros, nosotras (we) andamos  (we walk)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) andáis  (you all walk)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) andan  (they walk)

 

For verbs ending in -er:

 

yo (I) -o
tú (You) -es
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) -e
nosotros, nosotras (we) -emos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) -éis
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) -en

 

Example: We take the verb "correr" (to run). We remove the "-er": We are left with corr- (the stem) and then we add the personal endings.

 

correr corr--
yo (I) corro (I run)
tú (you) corres (you run)
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) corre (he, she runs)
nosotros, nosotras (we) corremos (we run)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) corréis (you all run)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) corren (they run)

 

For verbs ending in -ir:

 

yo (I) -o
tú (You) -es
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) -e
nosotros, nosotras (we) -imos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) -ís
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) -en

 

Example: We take the verb "añadir" (to add). We remove the "-ir": We are left with añad- (the stem) and then we add the personal endings.

 

añadir añad--
yo (I) añado (I add)
tú (you) añades (you add)
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) añade (he, she adds)
nosotros, nosotras (we) añadimos (we add)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) añadís (you all add)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) añaden (they add)





The differences between the persons "tú" (you), "vosotros" (you all), "usted" (you formal) and "ustedes" (you all formal) are explained in Spanish Personal Pronouns.

 

Some of the irregular verbs will be conjugated exactly in the same form, adding the same sets of endings; the only difference is that they will have some spelling changes in the stem of the verb. ***Remember*** Spanish Irregular verbs can be highly irregular and the general rule is "The rules do not apply".

Example:

 

Tener To have
yo tengo I have
tienes you have
el tiene he has
nosotros tenemos we have
vosotros tenéis you all have
ellos tienen they have

 

 

 


 

You should practice conjugating the Spanish verbs with this online Spanish verb Trainer.


SOME GENERAL USES

 

The present simple is used to express events that are always true and not necessarily only valid or true now.

Example

 

La tierra es un planeta.

The Earth is a planet

This example tells us a fact, the Earth was a planet yesterday, it is a planet today and it will always be a planet.

 

We also use the present simple to talk about habits, routines or customs. When an action is repeated in our lives and forms part of our day-to-day way of life, we will speak about it using the present simple.

Example

 

Me levanto a las ocho en punto.

I get up at eight o'clock

This example means that "(yo) me levanto" (I get up) always at the same time, at 8.00

 

Siempre me tomo una taza de café a primera hora de la mañana.

I always have a cup of coffee first thing in the morning

This example means that every morning "(yo) me tomo" (I have) a cup of coffee and not tea for example.

 

We can also use the present tense to refer to an immediate and planned future.

Example

 

Mañana nos vamos a Madrid a las 6.30 de la tarde.

Tomorrow we go to Madrid at 6.30 pm

 

In some cases we can also find the present simple to tell an action that happened in the past. We use the present simple to bring the story to life, to make the action closer to the speaker in time.

Example

 

Llegamos al hotel, el recepcionista nos dice que no hay ninguna reserva a nuestro nombre...

We arrive at the hotel, the receptionist tells us that there is no reservation under our name ...

 

With the present simple it is frequent to find adverbs of time and time expressions such: siempre (always), normalmente (usually), a menudo (often), a veces (sometimes), casi nunca (hardly ever), nunca (never), todos los días (every day), dos veces por semana (twice a week), etc.

Example

 

Ella siempre estudia inglés por las tardes.

She always studies English in the evenings

Casi nunca vamos a esquiar.

We hardly ever go skiing

Ellos nunca van a la playa.

They never go to the beach

Escuchamos la radio todos los días.

We listen to the radio every day





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