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LEARN SPANISH PRESENT PERFECT (Pretérito Perfecto - Present Perfect) SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD



When we translate the tenses corresponding to the Spanish subjunctive mood into English we will do it according to the context. We always have to interpret the sentence and translate accordingly.

 

Before we study the "pretérito perfecto" (present perfect simple) of the subjunctive mood we need to learn some basic concepts about Spanish verbs. Spanish verbs are always either regular or irregular as it happens with English verbs. All Spanish verbs end either in "-ar", "-er" or "-ir". These are the three Spanish conjugations.


Example

 

Hablar (to speak) Correr (to run) Añadir (to add)

 

To form the "pretérito perfecto" (present perfect simple) of the subjunctive mood, we need to use the auxiliary verb "haber" (have) in its present simple of the subjunctive mood and the past participle of another verb. To form the past participle of the regular verbs in Spanish, we need to take the verb as we find it in the dictionary and remove the last two letters. Then, if the verb ends in "-ar" we will add the ending "-ado" and if the verb ends in "-er" or "-ir" we will add the ending "-ido".

Example

For the verbs ending in -ar:





yo (I) -haya
tú (You) -hayas
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) -haya
nosotros, nosotras (we) -hayamos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) -hayáis
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) -hayan

 

Example: We take the verb "hablar" (to speak). We remove the "-ar". We are left with "habl-" (the stem) and then we add "-ado". In this way we have the past participle of the verb "hablar" (to speak).





To conjugate the pretérito perfecto (present perfect simple) of the subjunctive mood of the verb "hablar" (to speak) we will use the present simple tense of the subjunctive mood of the verb "haber" (to have) and the past participle of the verb "hablar" (to speak).

 

hablar hablar--
yo (I) haya hablado (I have spoken)
tú (you) hayas hablado (you have spoken)
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) haya hablado (he, she has spoken)
nosotros, nosotras (we) hayamos hablado (we have spoken)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) hayáis hablado (you all have spoken)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) hayan hablado (they have spoken)

 

For the verbs ending in -er:

 

yo (I) -haya
tú (You) -hayas
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) -haya
nosotros, nosotras (we) -hayamos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) -hayáis
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) -hayan

 

Example: We take the verb "correr" (to run). We remove the "-er": We are left with corr- (the stem) and then we add "-ido". In this way we have the past participle of the verb "correr" (to run).

 

To conjugate the pretérito perfecto (present perfect simple) of the subjunctive mood of the verb "correr" (to run) we will use the present simple tense of the subjunctive mood of the verb "haber" (to have) and the past participle of the verb "correr" (to run).





correr correr--
yo (I) haya corrido (I have run)
tú (you) hayas corrido (you have run)
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) haya corrido (he, she has run)
nosotros, nosotras (we) hayamos corrido (we have run)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) hayáis corrido (you all have run)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) hayan corrido (they have run)

 

For the verbs ending in -ir:

 

yo (I) -haya
tú (You) -hayas
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) -haya
nosotros, nosotras (we) -hayamos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) -hayáis
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) -hayan

 

Example: We take the verb "añadir" (to add). We remove the "-ir": We are left with añad- (the stem) and then we add "-ido". In this way we have the past participle of the verb "añadir" (to add).

 

To conjugate the pretérito perfecto (present perfect simple) of the subjunctive mood of the verb "añadir" (to add) we will use the present simple tense of the subjunctive mood of the verb "haber" (to have) and the past participle of the verb "añadir" (to add).

 

añadir añadir--
yo (I) haya añadido (I have added)
tú (you) hayas añadido (you have added)
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) haya añadido (he, she has added)
nosotros, nosotras (we) hayamos añadido (we have added)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) hayáis añadido (you all have added)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) hayan añadido (they have added)

 

The differences between the persons "tú" (you), "vosotros" (you all), "usted" (you formal) and "ustedes" (you all formal) are explained in Spanish Personal Pronouns.

 

Some of the irregular verbs will be conjugated exactly in the same form, adding the same sets of endings; the only difference is that they will have some spelling changes in the stem of the verb. ***Remember*** Spanish Irregular verbs can be highly irregular and the general rule is "The rules do not apply".

 

Decir To Say
yo haya dicho I have said

tú hayas dicho

you have said
el haya dicho he has said
nosotros hayamos dicho we have said
vosotros hayáis dicho you all have said
ellos hayan dicho they have said

 

SOME GENERAL USES

 

We use the pretérito perfecto (present perfect simple) of the subjunctive mood to express a wish about an action that should be completed.

Example

 

Ojalá que haya llegado mi pedido.

I wish my order had arrived

Espero que mi amiga haya venido.

I hope my friend has arrived

Espero que la película no haya empezado ya.

I hope the film has not started yet

Ojalá que haya comprado chocolate.

I hope she has bought some chocolate

 

The pretérito perfecto (present perfect simple) of the subjunctive mood can also be used to express a completed action in the past.

Example

 

Me alegro de que hayas venido.

I am pleased you have come

Espero que Mary haya terminado.

I hope Mary has finished

 

The pretérito perfecto (present perfect simple) of the subjunctive mood can also express a completed action in the future.

Example

 

Te ayudaré cuando yo haya terminado.

I will help you when I have finished

Llámame cuando hayas recibido mi correo electrónico.

Phone me when you have got my email





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