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LEARN SPANISH PRESENT SIMPLE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD
When we translate the tenses corresponding to the Spanish subjunctive mood into English we will do it according to the context. We always have to interpret the sentence and translate accordingly.
Before we study the present simple of the subjunctive mood we need to learn
some basic concepts about Spanish verbs. Spanish verbs are always either regular
or irregular as it happens with English verbs. All Spanish verbs end either in "-ar",
"-er" or "-ir". These are the three Spanish conjugations.
Hablar (to speak), Correr (to run), Añadir (to add)
To form the present simple of the subjunctive mood, we need to take the verb as
we find it in the dictionary. Then we will remove the last two letters and we will
add the appropriate ending for each person.
For the verbs ending in -ar:
Example: We take the verb "hablar" (to speak). We remove the "-ar": We are left with habl- (the stem) and then we add the personal endings.
For verbs ending in -er:
Example: We take the verb "correr" (to run). We remove the "-er": We are left with corr- (the stem) and then we add the personal endings.
For verbs ending in -ir:
Example: We take the verb "añadir" (to add). We remove the "-ir": We are left with añad- (the stem) and then we add the personal endings.
The differences between the persons "tú" (you), "vosotros" (you all), "usted" (you formal) and "ustedes" (you all formal) are explained in Spanish Personal Pronouns.
Some of the irregular verbs will be conjugated exactly in the same form, adding the same sets of endings; the only difference is that they will have some spelling changes in the stem of the verb. ***Remember*** Spanish Irregular verbs can be highly irregular and the general rule is "The rules do not apply".
SOME GENERAL USES
We use the present simple of the subjunctive mood to express opinions or hypothesis
about possible actions.
No creo que María venga esta tarde a trabajar.
I do not think María will come to work this afternoon
Te llamaré cuando termine.
I will call you when I finish
No creo que vayamos al cine.
I do not think that we will go to the cinema
We also use the present simple of the subjunctive mood to express a wish or hope
we might have.
Ojalá nieve esta Navidad.
I wish it snowed this Christmas
Espero que Mary esté en su casa ahora.
I hope Mary is at home now
The present simple of the subjunctive mood is also used to give orders or commands.
Quiero que vengas ahora mismo.
I want you to come right now
Te pido que hagas eso por mí.
I am asking you to do that for me
We use the present simple of the subjunctive mood to place actions that have not
happened in the future.
Cuando termine iré a la biblioteca.
When I finish I will go to the library
Llámame cuando llegues, por favor.
Call me when you arrive, please