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APRENDER EL PASADO CONTINUO DE LOS VERBOS INGLESES



Para formar el pasado continuo necesitamos el pasado simple del verbo "to be" (ser, estar) y otro verbo terminado en "-ing".

Ejemplo

We were studying English when she arrived.
Estábamos estudiando inglés cuando ella llegó

Algunos verbos sufren ciertos cambios en su ortografía cuando añadimos "-ing". Si el verbo termina en "-e" quitaremos la "e" y luego añadiremos "-ing".

Ejemplo

I dance in the disco.
Bailo en la discoteca
I was dancing in the disco.
Estaba bailando en la discoteca

Si el verbo está formado por una sola sílaba y las tres últimas letras son: consonante más vocal más consonante, doblaremos la última consonante y luego añadimos "-ing".

Ejemplo

I plan my weekend ahead.
Planeo el fin de semana que viene
I was planning my weekend ahead.
Estaba planeando el próximo fin de semana

Para la forma negativa usamos "not" detrás del verbo "to be" (ser, estar).

Ejemplo

They were not (weren't) eating their dinner when I arrived.
No estaban cenando cuando llegué

Para la forma interrogativa colocamos el verbo "to be" (ser, estar) delante de la persona.

Ejemplo

Were you studying yesterday at 7.00 pm?
¿Estabas estudiando ayer a las siete de la tarde?





ALGUNOS USOS GENERALES

Utilizamos el pasado continuo para expresar acciones que eran temporales en el pasado. Podrían haber tenido lugar durante un periodo de tiempo corto o largo, pero en cualquier caso no estaban terminadas.

Ejemplo

I was living in London at that time.
Yo estaba viviendo en Londres por entonces
He was working in a bar at that time.
Él estaba trabajando en un bar por aquel tiempo
She was eating in that restaurant on Saturday.
Ella estaba comiendo en aquel restaurante el sábado

Otro uso del pasado continuo es para expresar la interrupción de una acción en progreso en el pasado. Normalmente esta interrupción es expresada con el verbo en su forma de pasado simple.

Ejemplo

I was listening to music when you phoned.
Estaba escuchando música cuando llamaste

En este ejemplo, la acción continua en el pasado "was listening to music" (estaba escuchando música) es interrumpida por la acción "you phoned" (llamaste) y, como podemos ver en el ejemplo, esta última acción se expresa en el pasado simple. El pasado continuo también se usa para expresar acciones en progreso, continuas y simultáneas en el pasado.

Ejemplo

Was he phoning you when you were listening to music?
¿Te estaba él llamando por teléfono cuando estabas escuchando música?
She was doing the washing-up while he was cooking.
Ella estaba fregando los platos mientras él estaba cocinando

Vamos a conjugar un verbo a modo de ejemplo. Vamos a coger el verbo "to study" (estudiar).





 

Afirmativa

Negativa

Interrogativa

I was studying wasn't studying Was I studying?
You were studying weren't studying Were you studying?
He was studying wasn't studying Was he studying?
She was studying wasn't studying Was she studying?
It was studying wasn't studying Was it studying?
We were studying weren't studying Were we studying?
You (all) were studying  weren't studying Were you studying?
They were studying weren't studying Were they studying?


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