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APRENDER EL PASADO PERFECTO SIMPLE DE LOS VERBOS INGLESES



Para formar el pasado perfecto simple necesitamos el pasado simple del verbo "to have" (tener, haber) y el participio de pasado de otro verbo. Para formar el participio de pasado de los verbos regulares tenemos que añadir "-ed" al verbo.

Ejemplo

We had studied the past perfect simple already.
Ya habíamos estudiado el pasado perfecto simple


Algunos verbos tienen cambios en su ortografía cuando añadimos "-ed".

Ejemplo Si el verbo termina en "-e", sólo añadimos "-d" para formar el participio de pasado.

They live in a big house.
Viven en una casa grande
They had lived in a big house.
Habían vivido en una casa grande

Si el verbo tiene una sola sílaba y las tres últimas letras son: consonante más vocal más consonante, doblaremos la última consonante y luego añadimos "-ed".

Ejemplo

The police stop the car.
La policía para el coche
The police had stopped the car.
La policía había parado el coche

*Nota: hay muchos verbos que forman su participio de pasado de una forma irregular, así que tiene que estudiárselos de memoria porque no siguen la regla antes mencionada.

Ejemplo

They had seen that film twice already.
Ya habían visto esa película dos veces

Para la forma negativa usamos "not" (no) detrás del verbo "to have" (tener, haber).

Ejemplo

We had not (hadn't) been in that restaurant before.
No habíamos estado en ese restaurante antes

Para la forma interrogativa colocamos el verbo "to have" (tener, haver) delante de la persona.

Ejemplo

Had you finished when she arrived?
¿Habías terminado cuando ella llegó?





ALGUNOS USOS GENERALES

Usamos el pasado perfecto simple cuando estamos hablando o escribiendo sobre el pasado y queremos decir que una acción ocurrió antes que otra acción pasada.

Ejemplo

I called you this morning but you had already gone to work. (= you went to work before I called you)
Te llamé esta mañana pero ya te habías ido a trabajar
He failed the exam. Had he studied at all?
Él suspendió el examen. ¿Había estudiado algo?
She had studied, that's why she passed with such a good result.
Ella había estudiado, por eso aprobó con tan buenas notas

En algunos casos podemos encontrar las palabras "for" (durante) o "since" (desde) con el pasado perfecto simple para indicar la duración o el punto de comienzo de la acción en el pasado.

Ejemplo

They had been waiting for the bus for hours.
Habían estado esperando el autobús durante horas
He had not smoked since his wedding up until today.
Él no había fumado desde su boda hasta hoy

Vamos a conjugar un verbo a modo de ejemplo. Vamos a coger el verbo "to study" (estudiar).





 

Afirmativa

Negativa

Interrogativa

I had studied hadn't studied had I studied?
You had studied hadn't studied had you studied?
He had studied hadn't studied had he studied?
She had studied hadn't studied had she studied?
It had studied hadn't studied had it studied?
We had studied hadn't studied had we studied?
You (all) had studied hadn't studied had you studied?
They had studied hadn't studied had they studied?


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