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This page in English - Vea esta página en Inglés

APRENDER EL PASADO SIMPLE DE LOS VERBOS INGLESES



Para formar el pasado simple necesitamos coger el verbo como lo encontramos en el diccionario y quitar el "to". Luego necesitamos añadir "-ed" al verbo.

Ejemplo

Yesterday we listened to the radio for four hours.
Ayer escuchamos la radio durante cuatro horas

Algunos verbos tienen cambios en su ortografía cuando añadimos "-ed".

Ejemplo
Si el verbo termina en "-e", sólo añadimos "-d" para formar el pasado simple.

They live in a big house.
Viven en una casa grande
They lived in a big house.
Vivieron en una casa grande

Si el verbo está formado por sólo una sílaba y las tres últimas letras son: consonante más vocal más consonante, doblaremos la última consonante y luego añadimos "-ed".

Ejemplo

The police stop the car.
La policía para el coche
The police stopped the car.
La policía paró el coche

*Nota: Muchos verbos forman el pasado simple de una forma irregular, así que tiene que estudiárselos de memoria porque no siguen la regla antes mencionada.

Ejemplo

Yesterday we read all the explanations on English verbs.
Ayer leímos todas las explicaciones sobre los verbos ingleses

Para la forma negativa usamos "did not" (didn't) delante del verbo.

Ejemplo

Yesterday we did not study Spanish.
Ayer no estudiamos español

Si el verbo que queremos negar es el verbo "to be" (ser, estar), no necesitamos usar el auxiliar "did not", simplemente añadimos "not" detrás del verbo "to be" (ser, estar) en su forma de pasado simple.

Ejemplo

Yesterday I was not (wasn't) at home.
Ayer no estuve en casa

Para la forma interrogativa usamos "did" (no se traduce al español) delante de la persona.

Ejemplo

Did you study Spanish yesterday?
¿Estudiaste español ayer?

Si es el verbo "to be" (ser, estar) simplemente lo colocamos delante de la persona.

Ejemplo

Were you at home yesterday?
¿Estuviste en casa ayer?





ALGUNOS USOS GENERALES

Usamos el pasado simple para hablar de una acción o evento pasado que tuvo lugar en un punto específico del pasado. Podemos decir exactamente cuándo ocurrió, o no, si así lo preferimos.

Ejemplo

Yesterday I went to the cinema.
Ayer fui al cine
This morning I went to the supermarket.
Esta mañana fui al supermercado
I worked for the same company for two years.
Trabajé para la misma empresa durante dos años

Este último ejemplo muestra que la acción de trabajar para la misma empresa está terminada aunque no especificamos cuándo empezó y terminó. El pasado simple se refiere a una acción pasada (terminada) en un tiempo pasado. Esto quiere decir que no sólo la acción está terminada sino que también el tiempo cuando ocurrió está terminado y pasado.

Ejemplo

Last week I read a book.
La semana pasada leí un libro
Last year I travelled around Europe.
El año pasado viajé por Europa

Utilizamos la expresión "used to" con el verbo en presente simple pero implica una acción pasada que era repetida durante una periodo de tiempo (en el pasado) o era frecuente (en el pasado).

Ejemplo

The girls used to play with their dolls.
Las niñas solían jugar con sus muñecas

Este ejemplo quiere decir que las niñas ya no juegan con sus muñecas, pero en el pasado, la acción de jugar con sus muñecas era común, frecuente y repetida por las niñas. Con el pasado simple es frecuente encontrar en la frase adverbios de tiempo específicos al pasado como: yesterday (ayer), the day befote yesterday (anteayer), last week (la semana pasada), last year (el año pasado), two years ago (hace dos años), etc.

Ejemplo

We went to the cinema yesterday evening.
Fuimos al cine ayer por la tarde
He had a Chinese meal two weeks ago.
Comió una comida china hace dos semanas
They went to Australia last year on their holiday.
Fueron a Australia el año pasado en sus vacaciones

Vamos a conjugar un verbo a modo de ejemplo. Vamos a coger el verbo "to study" (estudiar).





 

Afirmativa

Negativa

Interrogativa

I studied didn't study Did I study?
You studied didn't study Did you study?
He studied didn't study Did he study?
She studied didn't study Did she study?
It studied didn't study Did it study?
We studied didn't study Did we study?
You (all) studied didn't study Did you study?
They studied didn't study Did they study?


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