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LEARN SPANISH PREPOSITIONS

Prepositions are little words that help us to establish relations between different elements of a sentence. They can show a movement, time and position relationship among two or more objects within the sentence. Prepositions in Spanish are invariable, that is, they do not take on masculine and feminine or singular and plural. They will always have the same form. In Spanish we have single prepositions, that is, an only word, and complex prepositions which are formed by more than one word. Here is a list of the single prepositions in Spanish:

A (at, to)
Ante (before, in the face of, compared to)
Bajo (under, below)
Con (with)
Contra (against)
De (of, about)
Desde (since, from)
Durante (during, for)
En (in, on, into, by)
Entre (between, among, amongst)
Excepto (except (for))
Hacia (towards, about, around)
Hasta (as far as, up to, until, till)
Mediante (by means of)
Para (for, (in order) to, towards)
Por (because of, (in order) to, for, by, through, per)
Salvo (except (for))
Según (according to, depending on)
Sin (without)
Sobre (on (top of), over, above, about, upon)
Tras (behind, after)

Here is a list of the most common complex prepositions in Spanish:

Además de (as well as, in addition to)
Al lado de (beside)
Alrededor de (around, about)
Antes de (before)
A pesar de (despite)
Cerca de (near, close to)
Con respecto a (in respect of)
De acuerdo con (in accordance with)
Debajo de (under, underneath)
Delante de (in front of)
Dentro de (in, inside, into, within)
Después de (after)
Detrás de (behind)
Encima de (on (top of), above)
En cuanto a (as regards)
Enfrente de (opposite)
Frente a (opposite, towards)
Fuera de (except for, apart from)
Junto a (next to, right by, near)
Lejos de (far (away) from Etc.)

POSITION OF PREPOSITIONS:

Prepositions normally go before the nouns or pronouns in the sentence.

Example

María está en casa. (María is at home)

In questions it is frequent to find the preposition at the beginning of the sentence, even when they start by a question word.

Example

¿Con quién va María? (Who does María go with?)

When using a relative pronoun it is frequent to find the preposition before the relative pronoun.

Example

Esta es la casa en donde crecí. (This is the house where I grew up)