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Numeral pronouns are used to indicate the quantity of objects, people, etc that we are talking about in the sentence. We distinguish two types of numeral pronouns: Cardinal and ordinal. Cardinal numeral pronouns tell us just the number of objects, etc. Eg.:

I have four books. Well, I have five. (Tengo cuatro libros. Pues, yo tengo cinco)

Ordinal numeral pronouns tell us the order they occupy in a series. Eg.:

My project is the fourth that it is going to be presented. Mine is the fifth. (Mi proyecto es el cuarto que va a ser presentado. El mío es el quinto)

In the first example, the pronoun "five" substitutes the noun "books" and just indicates the number of books that that person possesses. In the second example, the pronoun "fifth" substitutes the noun "project" and indicates the order that "project" has in a series.

*Note: numeral pronouns will only be pronouns and not adjectives when a noun that they determine does not follow them.