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LEARN SPANISH DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

Demonstrative pronouns are used to substitute nouns, and at the same time, to indicate whether they are close or far, in space or time, from the speaker in the moment of speaking. ÉSTE, ÉSTA, ESTO refer to singular nouns which are close to the speaker. ÉSE, ÉSA, ESO refer to singular nouns which are a bit farther in space or time to the speaker. AQUÉL, AQUÉLLA, AQUELLO refer to singular nouns which are ever farther in space or time to the speaker.

 

Singular

Plural

Masculine Éste, ése, aquél Éstos, ésos, aquéllos
Feminine Ésta, ésa, aquélla Éstas, ésas, aquéllas
Neutral Esto, eso, aquello
Example

Éste es mi balón. (This is my football).

In this example, "éste" (this) refers to the object "balón" (football) which is close to the speaker in the moment of speaking.

Ése es mi balón. (That is my football).

In this example, "ése" (that) refers to the object "balón" (football) which is further to the speaker in the moment of speaking.

Aquél es mi balón. (That (farther) is my football).

In this example, "aquél" (that) refers to the object "balón" (football) which is even further to the speaker in the moment of speaking.