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To form the Present Simple tense we need to take the verb as we find it in the dictionary and remove the "to". Then it will be used without "to" for all the persons except for "he, she, it" that we add "-s" or "-es". We have to follow certain spelling rules in order to use "-s" or "-es". If the verb ends in "-ch, -sh, -ss, -x or -o" we will add "-es".


I watch television every night. She watches television too. (Veo la televisión todas las noches. Ella ve la televisión también)

I wash my hair every day. She washes her hair too. (Me lavo el pelo todos los días. Ella se lava el pelo también)

I pass my exams easily. She passes her exams easily. (Apruebo los exámenes con facilidad. Ella aprueba los exámenes con facilidad)

I mix the potatoes with the eggs. She mixes the potatoes with the eggs. (Mezclo las patatas con los huevos. Ella mezcla las patatas con los huevos)

I go to Barcelona every summer. She goes to Barcelona every summer. (Voy a Barcelona todos los veranos. Ella va a Barcelona todos los veranos)

Normally if the verb ends in "-y", this letter will change into "i" and then we add "-es".


I study Spanish. She studies Spanish too. (Estudio español. Ella estudia español también)

For the negative form we need to use "don't = do not" in front of the verb for all the persons except for "he, she, it" that we use "doesn't = does not".


I do not (don't) study Science any more. (Ya no estudio ciencias) She does not (doesn't) study Science any more. (Ella ya no estudia ciencias) For the interrogative form we need to use "do" before the person and for "he, she, it" we will use "does".


Do you study Spanish? (¿Estudias español?)

Does she study Spanish? (¿Estudia (ella) español?)


The present simple is used to express events that are always true and not necessarily only valid or true now.


The Earth is a planet. (La tierra es un planeta)

This example tells us a fact, the Earth was a planet yesterday, it is a planet today and it will always be a planet. We also use the present simple to talk about habits, routines or customs. When an action is repeated in our lives and forms part of our day-to-day way of life, we will speak about it using the present simple.


I get up at eight o'clock. (Me levanto a las ocho en punto)

This example means that "I" always get up at the same time, at 8.00.

I always have a cup of coffee first thing in the morning. (Siempre me tomo una taza de café a primera hora de la mañana)

This example means that every morning "I" have a cup of coffee and not tea for example. We can also use the present tense to refer to an immediate and planned future.


Tomorrow we go to Madrid at 6.30 pm. (Mañana nos vamos a Madrid a las 6.30 de la tarde)

With the present simple it is frequent to find adverbs of frequency such: always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, never, etc.


She always studies English in the evenings. (Ella siempre estudia inglés por las tardes)

We hardly ever go skiing. (Casi nunca vamos a esquiar)

They never go to the beach. (Ellos nunca van a la playa)

Lets us conjugate a verb as an example. We are going to take the verb "to study".




I study don't study Do I study?
You study don't study Do you study?
He studies doesn't study Does he study?
She studies doesn't study Does she study?
It studies doesn't study Does it study?
We study don't study Do we study?
You (all) study don't study Do you study?
They study don't study Do they study?