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LEARN SPANISH CONDITIONAL SIMPLE (Condicional Simple - Conditional Simple) INDICATIVE MOOD

Before we study the conditional simple we need to learn some basic concepts about Spanish verbs. Spanish verbs are always either regular or irregular as it happens with English verbs. All Spanish verbs end either in "-ar", "-er" or "-ir ". These are the three Spanish conjugations.

Example

Hablar (to speak) Correr (to run) Añadir (to add)

To form the conditional simple of the indicative mood, we need to take the verb as we find it in the dictionary. Then we add the appropriate ending for each person. For the conditional simple tense of the indicative mood the personal endings are the same for the three conjugations (-ar, -er, -ir) of the verbs.

Example

For the verbs ending in -ar:

yo (I) -ía
tú (You) -ías
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) -ía
nosotros, nosotras (we) -íamos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) -íais
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) -ían

Example: We take the verb "hablar" (to speak) and then we add the personal endings.

hablar hablar--
yo (I) hablaría (I would speak)
tú (you) hablarías (you would speak)
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) hablaría (he, she would speak)
nosotros, nosotras (we) hablaríamos (we would speak)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) hablaríais (you all would speak)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) hablarían (they would speak)

For the verbs ending in -er:

yo (I) -ía
tú (You) -ías
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) -ía
nosotros, nosotras (we) -íamos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) -íais
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) -ían

Example: We take the verb "correr" (to run) and then we add the personal endings.

correr correr--
yo (I) correría (I would run)
tú (you) correrías (you would run)
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) correría (he, she would run)
nosotros, nosotras (we) correríamos (we would run)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) correríais (you all would run)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) correrían (they would run)

For the verbs ending in -ir:

yo (I) -ía
tú (You) -ías
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) -ía
nosotros, nosotras (we) -íamos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) -íais
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) -ían

Example: We take the verb "añadir" (to add) and then we add the personal endings.

añadir añadir--
yo (I) añadiría (I would add)
tú (you) añadirías (you would add)
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) añadiría (he, she would add)
nosotros, nosotras (we) añadiríamos (we would add)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) añadiríais (you all would add)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) añadirían (they would add)

The differences between the persons "tú" (you), "vosotros" (you all), "usted" (you formal) and "ustedes" (you all formal) are explained in Spanish Personal Pronouns .

Example: We are going to take the verb "tener" (to have) which is a very good example of a "very" irregular verb as this verb practically does not follow the rules and is a typical example of verb that you need to study by heart.

Tener To have
yo tendría I would have
tendrías you would have
el tendría he would have
nosotros tendríamos we would have
vosotros tendríais you all would have
ellos tendrían they would have

SOME GENERAL USES

We use the conditional simple tense to express a possible action.

Example

Tu carta podría llegar hoy.
Your letter could arrive today.

Lo haría si pudiera.
I would do it if I could.

Creo que yo podría ayudarte.
I think I could help you.

The conditional simple is also used to give advices.

Example

Si yo fuera tú, haría los deberes ahora mismo, antes de que tu madre llegue a casa.
If I were you, I would do my homework right now, before your mother gets home.

Deberías estudiarte el condicional simple de los verbos españoles.
You should study the conditional simple of the Spanish verbs.

We also use the conditional simple to express a wish or hope we might have.

Example

María viviría cerca del mar.
María would live by the sea.

Si pudiera, yo estaría ahora en la playa.
If I could, I would be on the beach now.

No me gustaría estar en su situación.
I would not like to be in his situation.

The conditional simple is also the tense used in many contexts to express courtesy or politeness.

Example

¿Me podría decir el precio de este libro, por favor?
Could you tell me the price of this book, please?

Le agradecería que me enviara una respuesta lo antes posible.
I would appreciate if you could send me a response as soon as possible.