Home | Learn Spanish | Learn English

LEARN SPANISH CONDITIONAL PERFECT INDICATIVE MOOD

Before we study the conditional perfect tense we need to learn some basic concepts about Spanish verbs. Spanish verbs are always either regular or irregular as it happens with English verbs. All Spanish verbs end either in "-ar", "-er" or "-ir". These are the three Spanish conjugations.

Example

Hablar (to speak) Correr (to run) Añadir (to add)

To form the conditional perfect of the indicative mood, we need to use the auxiliary verb "haber" (have) in its conditional simple and the past participle of another verb. To form the past participle of the regular verbs in Spanish, we need to take the verb as we find it in the dictionary and remove the last two letters. Then, if the verb ends in "-ar" we will add the ending "-ado" and if the verb ends in "-er" or "-ir" we will add the ending "-ido".

Example

For the verbs ending in -ar:

yo (I) habría
tú (You) habrías
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) habría
nosotros, nosotras (we) habríamos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) habríais
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) habrían

Example: We take the verb "hablar" (to speak). We remove the "-ar": We are left with "habl-" (the stem) and then we add "-ado". In this way we have the past participle of the verb "hablar" (to speak).

To conjugate the conditional perfect of the verb"hablar" (to speak) we will use the conditional simple tense of the verb "haber" (to have) and the past participle of the verb "hablar" (to speak).

hablar habl--
yo (I) habría hablado (I would have spoken)
tú (you) habrías hablado (you would have spoken)
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) habría hablado (he, she would have spoken)
nosotros, nosotras (we) habríamos hablado (we would have spoken)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) habríais hablado (you all would have spoken)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) habrían hablado (they would have spoken)

For the verbs ending in -er:

yo (I) habría
tú (You) habrías
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) habría
nosotros, nosotras (we) habríamos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) habríais
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) habrían

Example: We take the verb "correr" (to run). We remove the "-er": We are left with corr- (the stem) and then we add "-ido". In this way we have the past participle of the verb "correr" (to run).

To conjugate the conditional perfect of the verb "correr" (to run) we will use the conditional simple tense of the verb "haber" (to have) and the past participle of the verb "correr" (to run).

correr corr--
yo (I) habría corrido (I would have run)
tú (you) habrías corrido (you would have run)
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) habría corrido (he, she would have run)
nosotros, nosotras (we) habríamos corrido (we would have run)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) habríais corrido (you all would have run)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) habrían corrido (they would have run)

For the verbs ending in -ir:

yo (I) habría
tú (You) habrías
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) habría
nosotros, nosotras (we) habríamos
vosotros, vosotras (you all) habríais
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) habrían

Example: We take the verb "añadir" (to add). We remove the "-ir": We are left with añad- (the stem) and then we add "-ido". In this way we have the past participle of the verb "añadir" (to add).

To conjugate the conditional perfect of the verb "añadir" (to add) we will use the conditional simple tense of the verb "haber" (to have) and the past participle of the verb "añadir" (to add).

añadir añad--
yo (I) habría añadido (I would have added)
tú (you) habrías añadido (you would have added)
el, ella, usted (he, she, you formal) habría añadido (he, she would have added)
nosotros, nosotras (we) habríamos añadido (we would have added)
vosotros, vosotras (you all) habríais añadido (you all would have added)
ellos, ellas, (they) ustedes (you all formal) habrían añadido (they would have added)

The differences between the persons "tú" (you), "vosotros" (you all), "usted" (you formal) and "ustedes" (you all formal) are explained in Spanish Personal Pronouns .

Decir To say
yo habría dicho I would have said
tú habrías dicho you would have said
el habría dicho he would have said
nosotros habríamos dicho we would have said
vosotros habríais dicho you all would have said
ellos habrían dicho they would have said

SOME GENERAL USES

We use the conditional perfect to express a finished future action in relation to past actions.

Example

Habría llamado ayer si hubiera podido.
I would have phoned yesterday if I had been able to.

Te lo habría contado si hubiera podido.
I would have told you if I had been able to.

Nos lo habríamos comprado si hubiera sido azul.
We would have bought it if it had been blue.

Me lo habría dicho antes.
She would have told me before.

The conditional perfect is also used to express conditions that are impossible.

Example

Habría cogido el tren de las 4.00 si hubiera llegado a tiempo.
I would have caught the train at 4.00 if I had been on time.

Te habría comprado un buen regalo si hubiera tenido más dinero.
I would have bought you a better present if I had had more money.

The conditional perfect is used as well to express hypothesis.

Example

Estoy segura que él habría conseguido el contrato.
I am sure that he would have got the contract.

Yo habría hecho lo mismo.
I would have done the same.